Member since: Sep 24, 2010, NASA ARC

Unsupervised Anomaly Detection for Liquid-Fueled Rocket Prop...

Shared by MARK SCHWABACHER, updated on Sep 22, 2010


Author(s) :
Mark Schwabacher, Nikunj Oza, Bryan Matthews

Title: Unsupervised Anomaly Detection for Liquid-Fueled Rocket Propulsion Health Monitoring.

Abstract: This article describes the results of applying four unsupervised anomaly detection algorithms to data from two rocket propulsion testbeds. The first testbed uses historical data from the Space Shuttle Main Engine. The second testbed uses data from an experimental rocket engine test stand located at NASA Stennis Space Center. The article describes nine anomalies detected by the four algorithms. The four algorithms use four different definitions of anomalousness. Orca uses a nearest-neighbor approach, defining a point to be an anomaly if its nearest neighbors in the data space are far away from it. The Inductive Monitoring System clusters the training data, and then uses the distance to the nearest cluster as its measure of anomalousness. GritBot learns rules from the training data, and then classifies points as anomalous if they violate these rules. One-class support vector machines map the data into a high-dimensional space in which most of the normal points are on one side of a hyperplane, and then classify points on the other side of the hyperplane as anomalous. Because of these different definitions of anomalousness, different algorithms detect different anomalies. We therefore conclude that it is useful to use multiple algorithms.

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Publication Name
Journal of Aerospace Computing, Information, and Communication
Publication Location
Vol. 6, No. 7, pp. 464-482
Year Published


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