Prognostics Health Management and Physics based failure Models for Electrolytic Capacitors

Shared by Miryam Strautkalns, updated on Apr 12, 2013


Author(s) :
C. Kulkarni, J. Celaya, G. Biswas, K. Goebel

This paper proposes first principles based modeling and prognostics approach for electrolytic capacitors. Electrolytic capacitors and MOSFETs are the two major components, which cause degradations and failures in DC-DC converters. This type of capacitors are known for its low reliability and frequent breakdown on critical systems like power supplies of avionics equipment and electrical drivers of electro-mechanical actuators. Some of the more prevalent fault effects, such as a ripple voltage surge at the power supply output can cause glitches in the GPS position and velocity output, and this, in turn, if not corrected will propagate and distort the navigation solution. Prognostics provides a way to assess remaining useful life of a capacitor based on its current state of health and its anticipated future usage and operational conditions. In this paper, we study the effects of accelerated aging due to thermal stress on sets of capacitors. Our focus is on deriving rst principles degradation models for thermal stress conditions. The degradation data form the basis for developing the model based remaining life prediction algorithm. Our overall goal is to derive accurate models of capacitor degradation, and use them to predict performance changes in DC-DC converters.

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