Modeling, Detection, and Disambiguation of Sensor Faults for Aerospace Applications

Shared by Miryam Strautkalns, updated on Jun 19, 2013


Author(s) :
E. Balaban, A. Saxena, P. Bansal, K. Goebel

Sensor faults continue to be a major hurdle for sys- tems health management to reach its full potential. At the same time, few recorded instances of sensor faults exist. It is equally dif- ficult to seed particular sensor faults. Therefore, research is un- derway to better understand the different fault modes seen in sen- sors and to model the faults. The fault models can then be used in simulated sensor fault scenarios to ensure that algorithms can distinguish between sensor faults and system faults. The paper il- lustrates the work with data collected from an electromechanical actuator in an aerospace setting, equipped with temperature, vi- bration, current, and position sensors. The most common sensor faults, such as bias, drift, scaling, and dropout were simulated and injected into the experimental data, with the goal of making these simulations as realistic as feasible. A neural network-based classi- fier was then created and tested on both experimental data and the more challenging randomized data sequences. Additional studies were also conducted to determine sensitivity of detection and dis- ambiguation efficacy with respect to severity of fault conditions.

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